She’s been appointed to the post of sales director.
They delay ed publishing the report until after the election.
I shifted into top gear.
The match had to be cancelled owing to the bad weather.
5、join vt. 加入；连接
Will you join me for a drink?
Doctors are struggling to contain the disease.
The surgeon has done several heart transplants.
The next event will be the 100metros race.
Why don’t you tell him instead of storing up hatred against him?
For various reason I’d prefer not to meet him.
The church has become more liberal in this century.
The car radio is an optional extra.
This food will only last three days.
There is a significant improvement in the company’s safety record.
There is a training course for employed and unemployed alike.
1、 appreciate vt.感激；欣赏；领会
I’d appreciate it if you would turn the radio down.
2、 secure a.&vt.安全的；放心的；获得；保卫
Extra men are needed to secure the camp against attack.
3、 disturb vt.扰乱；妨碍；使不安
A light wind disturbed the surface of the water.
4、 confuse vt.使混乱；混淆
I’m always confusing John with Paul.
5、 earn vt.赚的；获得
He earned a lot of praise from the papers for his smart deeds.
6、 punish vt.惩罚；处罚
The teacher punished them for their rudeness.
7、 overlook vt. 忽略；俯视；宽容
I’ll overlook your mistake this time.
8、 suit n.&vt. 一套衣服；诉讼；适合；相配
That color doesn’t suit her.
9、 reveal vt.揭露；泄露；展现；显示
The investigation has revealed some faults in the system.
The 1980s have witnessed increasing unemployment.
They finally came up with a solution.
The frequency of accidents has forced the government to lower the speed limit.
13、interval n. 间隔；间歇；（幕间或中场）休息
Tomorrow it will be mostly cloudy, with a few sunny intervals.
The primary purpose of his visit is to improve trading relations.
I feel very guilty about forgetting to post your letter.
1、 tolerate vt.容忍；容许；宽容
I won’t tolerate your bad manners any longer.
She was commonly supposed (to be) extremely rich.
I managed to acquire two tickets for the concert.
Their house differs from mine in having no dining room.
It is costly to furnish our new flat.
In his haste, he forgot to take his umbrella.
Cream cakes are a luxury in our house.
There are many kinds of jungle animals.
He gained an enormous mount of money in the business.
It’s not urgent, it can wait until tomorrow.
11、vivid a. （光线、色彩）鲜亮的，醒目的；逼真的
The film star wears a vivid red hair.
He was advised not to eat bread cake, and other similar foods.
She welcomed me with an artificial smile.
It is advisable to wear a safety belt when you’re driving.
15、equivalent a.&n. (-to)相等的；相同的；等同物；等价物
Changing his job is equivalent to firing him.
1、 surround vt.围绕；包围
The whole affair is surrounded by controversy.
We were wrecked off the coast of Africa.
How much do you charge for a double room?
He’s so lazy that it’s difficult to asses his ability.
I was annoyed with him because he kept interrupting.
We used a computer to coordinate the marketing campaign.
I’m afraid the system is open to abuse.
We passed through some beautiful scenery on our journey.
9、routine a.& n.惯常的；例行的；惯例；常规；例行公事
She longed to escape from the old familiar routine.
It is a nuisance having to go back home to get my ticket.
11、minimum n .&a. 最小量；最低限度；最小数的；最低点的
He smokes a minimum of ten cigarettes a day.
The car won’t start because the battery has lost all its power.
13、tame a.&vt 驯服的；由人驯养的；驯服
Only the tame horse can be ridden on.
This is a progressive firm that uses the most modern systems.
The rule is only applicable to UK citizens.
There is little to motivate these kids to work hard at school.
In writing this report I have omitted all unnecessary details.
My offer met with a polite refusal.
The new evidence put an entirely different perspective on the case.
5、 series n.一系列；连续；丛书
This is the latest in a series of proposals on arms limitation.
She won a scholarship to Oxford.
She wore red ribbons in her hair.
You should have been more patient with that customer.
The purchasing power of the dollar has declined.
The minister made a vigorous defense of the government policies.
She gave us very specific instructions.
The ladder isn’t very stable.
Who’s responsible for this terrible mess?
The original owner of the house was a Frenchman.
I took an instant dislike to him.
1. highlight vt.&n.使显著；使注意力集中于；最精彩的部分（场面）
He gave us several facts that highlight the need for change.
2. amuse vt.使开心；使发笑；给……提供娱乐
His silly jokes amused the children.
3. classify vt.把……分级（分类）；把……分为
The scientists classify the animals into several types.
4. insert vt.插入；放入
He inserted a key in the lock of the front door.
5. manufacture vt.&n.（尤指用机器大量）制造；制造
This firm manufactures cars.
6. pitch vt.&n.扎（营）；为……定音高；投，扔；球场；音调；程度
This song is pitched too high for my voice.
7. journal n.（专业团体办的）定期刊物，杂质；日记，日志
The British Medical Journal
8. comment n.&vt.评论；评注；vi.（-on）评论发表意见
He made several unfavorable comments about his boss.
9. neglect vt.&n.忽略，忽视；忽略，疏忽；被忽略的状况
The garden has fallen into a state of neglect.
10. request n.&vt.要求；请求；需要
They have made an urgent request for international aid.
11. ratio n.笔；比例；比率
The ratio of nurses to doctors in2:1.
12. mixture n.混合物；混合；合计
His excuse is a mixture of amusement and disbelief.
13. hostile a.怀有敌意的；敌方的
The prime minister was given a hostile reception.
14. peculiar a.奇怪的，异常的；特有的
This meat tastes peculiar. I hope it’s all right.
15. fruitful a.成功的；富有成效的
It was a fruitful meeting.
1、 convert vt.&vi .&n.（使）转变，转换；改变信仰；改变信仰者
This sofa converts into a bed.
U.S.A adopts a tough attitude to the terrorists.
He was charged with resisting arrest.
He was denied the chance of going to university.
I think the room is ten meters long; I’ll pace it (out)
Her arguments incline me towards a different view of the matter.
The railway lines have to be constantly maintained.
The goods were on display in the shop window.
This big city has 6 million inhabitants.
Blackheath is a suburb of London.
They’ve bee n asking some very awkward questions.
What marvelous weather.
He is an outstanding young musician.
At a conservative estimate, the holiday will cost $300.
I have the slightest idea what you’re talking about.
1、 amount n.&.vi.总数，总量，数量，（-to）达到，等于
Her reply amounts to a refusal.
2、 postpone vt.使延期，推迟
We postpone making a decision.
3、 revise vt.改变，修正，审（稿），修订，校订
He revised the manuscript of his book.
4、 decrease vt &vi .减少，降低，减少，减少之量
They’re making efforts to decrease military spending.
5、 investigate vt.&vi .调查，控究，查明
The doctors decided to investigate the cause of cancer.
6、 virtue n.美德，高尚的道德，优点
Among her many virtues are loyalty, courage, and trustfulness.
7、 appearance n.出现，显露 ，外表，外观
She’s made a number of appearances on television.
8、 device n.装置，设备；诡计，策略；写作手法
This device is for changing the speed.
9、 sting vt.&vi.&n.刺，蛰（使）感剧痛；刺，蛰刺，刺痛
Dose a bee die when it loses its sting?
He won a hollow victory.
My request was met with a flat refusal.
He poured a few drops of the precious liquid into the glass.
Poor people live in miserable conditions.
He fell asleep when listening to the tedious lecture.
This local radio station receives more and more popularity.
1、 resemble vt.像，类似，相似
She resemble her sister in appearance but not character.
2、 track n.&vt &vi .足迹，轨迹；小径；跑道；追踪，跟踪
They tracked the thief to his house.
3、 underline vt.在……之下划线；强调，使突出
She underlined her disagreement by walking out.
4、 observe vt.看到，注意到；观察，观测；遵守，奉行（法律、习俗等）
Do you observe Christmas?
5、 entitle vt.（常用动态）使……有权（做某事）；给予……的资格
I think I’m entitled to know this matter.
He bounced a ball against a wall.
You must answer all the questions without exception.
I was surprised at the density of the crowd.
Her expression was a combination of guilt and fear.
The film star reached his summit in his thirties.
11、remedy n.治疗法，补救法 v. 纠正，补救
Such evils are beyond remedy.
We gathered some sticks to build a fire.
The dog looked dangerous, so I to keep my distance.
He made a voluntary statement to the investment.
He is interested in this attractive investment.
They suspect him of murder.
2、wander vi.& vt. 徘徊（于），漫步；离题；走神
Don’t wander off the point.
3、replace vt. 取代，代替，更换，替换
We replace apples with oranges.
4、adjust vt.&vi. 调整，使适合
He adjusted (himself) to the beat of the country.
5、simplify vt. 简化
This proposal is an attempt to simplify the tax laws.
6、 regulate vt.(以规章）控制，管理；调整
There are strict rules regulating the use of chemicals in food.
7、 principle n. 原则，规范，为人之道
They agreed to the plan in principle.
8、 agent n. 代理，经纪人，动因，作用剂
Our agent in Rome deals with all our Italian business.
9、 respective a.个别的，各自的
The two friends went to their respective homes.
10、delicate a. 脆的，较弱的，精美的，微妙的，灵敏的
Be careful with those wine glasses—they’re very delicate.
11、liable a. 易于……的，易受……之害的
He’s liable to shout when he gets angry.
12、owing a. 欠着的；（~to）因为，由于
Our flight was late, owing to the bad weather.
The subject produced a lively debate in parliament.
14、beneficial a. 有益的，有用的
The fall in prices will be beneficial to small businesses.
15、whereas conj. 但是，却
Whereas we want a flat, they would rather live in a house.
1、 transmit vt.&vi.发射，传染，传导。
The information is transmitted by a telephone line.
2、 tend vi.& vi (~to) 有……的趋势，照料，接待客人
It tends to rain a lot in the wound.
3、 pour vt. 灌，倒，（为别人）倒茶，倾泻
Blood poured from the wound.
4、 sustain vt.维持（体力，景深，决心）长期保持，蒙受
This meal won’t sustain us through the day.
5、 involve vt. 使卷入；饱含，需要，牵涉
The job involves traveling abroad for three months each year.
6、 crash vt.&vi.&n. （使）猛撞，，撞毁；倒团，撞车事故，
The car crashed into a tree and burst into flames
7、 alter vt.&vi.（使）改动，更动
The shirt will have to be altered, it’s too large.
8、 settlement n. 和解，拓居，清偿
It’s a small settlement on the edge of the desert.
9、 violent n. 粗暴的，猛烈的，激烈的
A violent storm hit the village.
I planned an extension of my holiday.
The general would not accept that defeat was a possibility.
It was a dark, cloudy night with no star visible.
I chose a course in ancient history.
14、characteristic a.&n.典型的 ，特征的，特征 特写
It’s characteristic of her that she never complained.
The fundamental purpose of my plan is to encourage further development.
Her words determined me to carry on with the work.
He handled the difficult situation very well.
Someone had leaked the story to the press.
Let me relieve you of some of the housework.
He stuffed the shoe with newspaper.
Washing wool in hot water will shrink it.
“Do you have” is a common American usage.
We waited with great anxiety for more news about the accident.
He’s receiving treatment for cancer.
He has a strong personality.
He looked at space with a vacant expression on his face.
In Britain the academic year runs from October to July.
There are many literary societies in this university.
It was a crucial moment in the battle/
He is greedy for power.
My patience is exhausted.
I had to grant the logic of his argument.
He compressed his report into three pages.
Your knowledge amazes me.
His behavior arouses much disagreement.
A lot of false information has been circulated.
This hotel serves meals to residents only.
They make full provision for the future.
9、disguise vt.& n.把……假扮起来；掩饰，隐瞒；伪装物
She crossed the border in disguise.
The outcome of their discussion is important to us.
Have you made a hotel reservation?
I only wear a tie on special occasions.
St. Paul’s is a familiar sight to all Londoners.
This is a sophisticated machine.
He made his inevitable joke about the school food.
1 monitor n.&vt.监视器；监控装置；班长；监视，监听
This instrument monitors the heartbeats.
2 remind vt.使想起
The hotel reminds me of one we stayed in last year.
3 debate vt.&vi.&n进行辩论；考虑，斟酌；辩论（会）；讨论.
I debated the idea in my mind.
4 trick n.&vt.戏法，花样；诡计，花招；欺骗
The police tricked him into telling the truth.
5 Inspect vt.检查，检验；视察
Let’s go and inspect the damage.
6 grasp vt.&n.抓牢，抓紧；理解，领会；紧握，掌握，理解力
He grasped the main points of the speech.
7 participate vt. (-in)参加，参与
Everyone is expected to participate in these discussions.
8 generate vt.引起，招来；生热，发电
The accident generated a lot of interest in the issue.
9 alarm n.&vt.惊恐，惊惶；警报；使恐慌，使不安
The problem is growing at an alarming rate.
10 privilege n.特权，特惠待遇；荣幸
Education is a privilege, not a right, in many countries.
11 opportunity n.机会，时机
You shouldn’t miss the opportunity to see the play.
12 service n.服务；公共设施；帮助；军种，服役
She joined the service.
13 removal n.移动，迁移
After our removal to London, they got married.
14 variable a.&n.易变的，不稳定的；可调节的；易变的事，可变因素
The temperature inside the car is variable.
15 valid a.正当的，有根据的；有效的；具有法律效力的
He got a train ticket valid for three months.
1 venture n.&vi.&vt.风险项目，风险投资；冒险，以……为赌注
Now is not the time to venture on such a hard project.
2 astonish vt.使吃惊，使惊讶
We read an astonish piece of news in today’s newspaper.
3 stain vt.&vi.&n.沾染，（给木材、标本）着色；染污处，污迹
The cloth stains easily, so try not to touch it.
4 burst vi.&vt.&n.（使）破裂，（使）爆炸；破裂，裂口；一阵，爆发
In spring the young flowers burst open.
5 tidy a.&vt.整洁的；整理，收拾
When are you going to tidy your room up?
6 dispose vt.布置，排列，安排
The murderer was unable to dispose of the body.
7 commit vt.犯（错误），干（坏事等）；使（自己）承担义务，承诺
The government has committed itself to health education.
8 catalogue n.（人名、地名、货物等的）目录（册），一览表
Look in the catalogue to see whether he live here.
9 modest a.谦虚的，谨慎的；不大的，适度的
The young actress is very modest about her success.
10 genuine a.真正的，非伪造的；真诚的，非伪装的
This is a genuine Ming vase.
11 largely ad.在很大程度上；大半的，主要的
This country is largely deserted.
12 supreme a.至高的，至上的；最大的，极度的
She felt supreme happiness at the party.
13 objective a.&n.客观存在的；客观的；（长远的）目标，目的
Try to be more objective about it.
14 acceptable a.合意的，令人满意的；可以忍受的，受欢迎的
This standard of work is not acceptable.
15 multiple a.&n.多样的，多重的；倍数
The driver received multiple injuries in the car crash.
1 retain vt.保留，保持；留住，挡住
Lead retains heat well.
2 flourish vi.茂盛，繁荣；兴旺发达
Jazz flourished in America in the early part of the century.
3 assignment vt.（分配、指派的）任务、工作；分配，指派
His assignment was to follow the spy.
4 interpret vt.把……理解为，解释；演绎，体现；口译
I interpreted his silence as a refusal.
5 forbid vt.不许，禁止；阻止，妨碍
I forbid you to tell anyone.
6 bother n.&vt.打扰，使苦恼；为……而烦恼；麻烦，忧虑
Don’t bother with it.
7 pollute vt.污染
Violent films pollute young minds.
8 pierce vt.刺入，刺破；被突然看到、听到、感觉到
A sudden scream pierced the silence.
9 exaggerate vi.&vt.夸张，言过其实
He has an exaggerated idea his own importance.
10 favor .&vt.赞同，赞许；偏袒，偏爱；恩惠；支持，偏爱，有利于
A mother shouldn’t show favor to one of her children.
11 impact n.&vt&vi.冲击力，作用；冲击，对……有影响
The computer has made a great impact on modern life.
12 source n.来源，出处；原因；源泉；提供信息者
I heard from a reliable source that the company is doing badly.
13 memorial n.纪念碑，纪念物
We went to see the war memorial.
14 harsh a.刺耳的，刺目的；严厉的，无情的
He heard a harsh voice when knocking at the door.
15 prior a.在前的，居先的；优先的
I was unable to attend the meeting because of a prior date.
1 rescue vt.&n.拯救，戒酒，使免遭（损失）；拯救，营救
He rescued the man from drowning.
2 acknowledge vt.承认，供认；表示感激
The producer wishes to acknowledge the assistance of the police.
3 sketch n.&vt.草图，素描；梗概；（给……）写生；在草拟
This pencil sketch is wonderful.
4 swallow vi.&vt.&n.吞下，咽下；咽口水；忍受；抑制住；燕子
She was swallowed up by the crowd and we lost sight of her.
5 deceive vt.欺，瞒，蒙蔽
They deceived her into signing the papers.
6 admire vt.钦佩，羡慕
I admire her for the way she handles the difficult situation.
7 substitute n.&vt.代替者，代用品；用……代替，替换
We substituted red balls for
8 protest n.&vt.声言，申明；抗议，反对；抗议，反对
She protested her innocence.
9 injure vt.（尤指在故事中）使受伤，伤害；损害
She was badly injured in the accident.
10 vision n.视力；眼光，远见；构想；梦幻，幻象，幻觉
She saw a vision in which God seemed to appear before her.
11 reaction n.反应，回应；反作用力，化学反应；恢复到以前的状态
What was your reaction to the new?
12 gradual a.渐渐的，逐步的
This is a gradual slope.
13 optimistic a.乐观的
The experts are optimistic that we will succeed.
14 accurate a.准确的，精确的
Is the station clock accurate?
15 impressive a.令人钦佩的，给人良好印象的；令人难忘的
He gave us an impressive speech.
I threatened to expose him to the police.
Are you implying that we are not telling the true?
She was embarrassed when they kept praising her.
They submitted the proposal to the committee for approval.
The children’s ages range from 5 to 15.
They are appealing for funds to build a new church.
At great expense I was finally able to buy the painting.
What do you think his motives were in helping us?
What’s her status in the organization?
He is looking for a job with wonderful prospect.
The new discovery has number of industrial application.
He is a very creative musician.
They had a generous meal in the restaurant.
There is no statistical evidence for his claim.
It was obvious to everyone that he was lying.
1. adapt vt.使适应，使适合
He adapted an old car engine to fit his boat.
2. inform vt.通知，告知
I wasn’t informed of the decision until too late.
3. fade vi.褪去，变弱，枯萎；逐渐消失
Hopes of a peace settlement are now fading.
4. switch n.&vt.&vi.开关，骤变；（突然地）转换，改变；（用开关）转换
Wait until the lights have switched to green.
5. Blast vt.&vi.&n.爆破；以炸药攻击；一股气流；爆炸；气浪
They’re blasting a tunnel through the mountain.
6. stimulate vt. 促进，刺激；激发，激励
Light stimulates plant growth.
7. release vt.&n.释放，放出；公开发表；释放，公布的消息
The new trade figures have just been released.
8. approve vt.&vi.赞成，同意；批准，认可
I don’t approve of smoking in bed.
9. convenient a.方便的，合宜的；附近的
I’m afraid this isn’t a very convenient moment to see you.
10. relative a.&n.比较的；有关……的；亲戚
After his money trouble, he’s now living in relative comfort.
11. nse a.&n.紧张的，焦虑的；僵直的，绷紧的；时态
I was so tense the night before my exams that I couldn’t sleep.
12. approximate a.&vi.近似的，大概的；接近；近似
This is just an approximate figure.
13. faint vt.&a. &n.虚弱得发晕的；不清楚的；微小的；晕倒；昏厥
He felt faint from lack of food.
14. presently ad.马上，一会儿；现在，目前
The doctor will be here presently.
15. inferior a.（质量）次的，（较）差的，次于……的
His work is inferior to mine.
1.comprise vi. & vt. 包括，由……组成；组成，构成
The United Kingdom comprises England, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
2.interfere vi. 介入，干涉
The sound of the radio upstairs interferes with my work.
3.dispute vt.& vi.& n. （生气地长时间）争吵；对……表示怀疑；争端，纠纷
The two sides disputed over the ownership of the territory.
4.thrust vt. & vi. & n. 猛塞，把……插入；刺，戳；猛冲，刺戳；推进力
He thrust the gun into his pocket.
5.split vi. & vt. （使）裂开，（使）分开；均分；分裂
The river splits into three smaller streams at this point.
6.distinguish vt. 辨认出，看（听）清楚；辨别，把……加以区别；使有别于
Small children can’t distinguish right from wrong.
7.transfer vt. & n 转移，调动；转车；转录；转移，职位调动，转车
At London we transferred from the train to a bus.
8.deliver vt. & vi. 递送，传送；把……踢向；发表，宣布；给……接生
Letters are delivered every day.
9.passion n. 强烈的情感；情欲；激情；狂怒
The poet expressed his burning passion for woman he loved.
10.intention n. 打算，意图，目的
I had no intention of changing my mind.
11.gap n. 裂缝，缺口
There are wide gaps in my knowledge of history.
12.emotion n. 强烈的感情，情绪；激动，感动
She described the accident in a voice shaking with emotion.
13.remarkable a. 值得注意的，十分不平常的
Finland is remarkable for the large number of its lakes.
14.annual a. & n. 一年一次；一年的；年刊，年鉴
The Spring Festival is an annual one.
15.presumably ad. 推测起来，大概
He knows, presumably, how to deal with such things.
1.arrange vt. 整理，布置；筹划，安排
Let’s arrange a meeting for next Friday.
2.cultivate vt. 耕作；栽种；陶冶，培养；结交
He planned to cultivate knowledge of music.
3.endure vt. 忍受，忍耐，容忍；持续，坚持下去
I can’t endure to see animals suffer like this.
4.contribute vi. & vt. (~to) 捐献，贡献出；起促成作用；撰稿，投稿
She regularly contributes to the college magazine.
5.assiciate vi. & vt. (~with) 与……结合，与……交往；联想到……
He associates with criminals.
6.poverty n. 贫穷，贫困；缺乏
They live below the poverty line.
7.glimpse n. & vt. 瞥见，一瞥；看一眼，瞥见
I only caught a glimpse of the thief.
8.response n. 回答；反应，应对动作
She opened the door in response to the knock.
9.segment n. 部分，片，块
The company dominates this segment of the market.
10.confident a. 确信的，自信的
We are confident of success.
11.vain a. 自负的；徒劳的；无效的；没有意义的
We tried in vain to make him change his mind.
12.mild a. 温和的，温厚的；轻微的；（食物）不浓烈的
It’s been a mild winter this year.
13.definite a. 明确的，确定的
We demand a definite answer.
14.idle a. 不在工作的，空闲的；无根据的；无聊的
His words were just idle thrusts.
15.intensive a. 加强的，集中彻底的；密集的
Intensive efforts are being made to resolve the dispute.
1. trace n. & vt. 跟踪；追溯；追寻……的历史；遗迹；微量
His family can trace its history to the 10th century.
2. conceal vt. (~from) 隐藏，隐瞒
He concealed his debts from his wife.
3. resume vt. & vi. （中断之后）重新开始，再继续
We resumed our discussions after a short rest.
4. exhibit vt. & vi. & n. 展出，展览；表示；展品，证物
She has exhibited her paintings in paris.
5. attain vt. 获得，达成
He attained his objectives by hard work.
6. oblige vt. 使非作不可，迫使；施恩惠于……
I felt oblige to leave after such an unpleasant quarrel.
7. issue n. & vt. 问题，争议点；发行物；发行；发行，分配，发给
I bought the new stamp on the day of its issue.
8. custom n. 风俗，习惯；个人习惯；惠顾，光顾
It was his custom to get up early and have a cold bath.
9. motion n. & vi. 运动，移动；动作，姿势；提议；向……作手势
Parts of the film were shown again in slow motion.
10. procedure n. 程序；步骤，手续
What’s the cored procedure for renewing your car tax?
11. excessive a. 过多的，过度的
The prices at this hotel are excessive.
12. troublesome a. 引起麻烦的，令人讨厌的
The parents dislike this troublesome boy.
13. identical a. 完全相同的，同一的
Your voice is identical to hers.
14. sensitive a. 易受影响；感受（鉴赏）力强的；灵敏度高的，微妙的
This sensitive issue should not be told to the press.
15. average a. & n. & vi. 平均数的；平常的；平均数的；平均水平
Average earnings in the country are about $500 a month.
1.offend vt. 伤害……的感情，使反感，冒犯；触犯
I was very offended that you forgot my birthday.
2.define vt. 给……下定义；规定，明确；显示……的特征
The powers of the president are defined in the law.
3.assume vt. 假定 ，假设 ；行使，担任 ；呈现出
We can’t just assume her guilt.
4.reverse a. 相反的，颠倒的；倒车；颠倒；相反，倒档
The car reversed through the gate.
5.decay vt. & vi. & n. （使）腐败，（使）腐败；衰落；腐朽；龋齿
Sugar can decay the teeth.
6.approach n. & vi. & vt. 走近，接近；（初次）接洽；靠近，入口；方法
The time is approaching when we will have to leave.
7.concentrate vi. & vt. 集中（思想、注意力等）；使集中于```；（液体）浓缩
I can’t concentrate on my work when I’m hungry.
8.bargain n. & vi. 交易，成交条件；便宜货；讨价还价，谈判（交易）条件
We’ve made a bargain that he will do the shopping.
9.contrast n. & vt. 对比，对照；差异，差别；使成对照，形成对照
Such a contrast between brother and sister is surprising.
10.temporary a. 暂时的，短时间的
They often find temporary jobs during their summer holidays.
11.comparatively ad. 比较地，相对地
Comparatively speaking, these products are quite cheap.
12.tender a. 疼痛的，一触即痛的；嫩的；心肠软的，体贴的
The wound is still very tender.
13.efficient a. 效率高的
She is a quick efficient worker.
14.consistent a. 一贯的，始终如一的；一致的，符合的
This statement is not consistent with what you said earlier.
15.adequate a. 适当的，足够的，充分的；可以胜任的，尚可的
The city’s water supply is no longer adequate.
1.cooperate vi. 合作，协作
The British cooperated with the French in designing the satellite.
2.undergo vt. 经历，遭受
She’s undergoing treatment at the hospital.
3.transform vt. 改变，使转化，使改观
A steam engine transforms heat into power.
4.hesitate vt. & vi. 不愿意做的，对```有顾虑；踌躇，迟疑（不决）
If you need any help, don’t hesitate to ask.
5.wear vt. 穿，戴，蓄（须）留发；面露（某种表情）；磨损，穿旧
She usually wears her hair up.
6.tie vt. 系，拴；约束，使联系在一起；得分相同
I tied with my friend for second place in the exams.
7.promote vt. 提升；升级；筹划；推销；促进，推动
The young army officer was promoted to captain.
8.affair n. 事情，事件；事务，时局
The minister is busy with important affairs of state.
9.inquiry n. （~into） 询问，打听；调查
We made some inquiries into her movements.
10.diagram n. 图解，图表，一览图
The book uses simple diagrams to explain the rules of chess.
11.regardless ad. 不管怎样
They beautified the house regardless of cost.
12.orderly a. 整洁的，有条理的；有秩序的，守纪律的
They room is in orderly condition.
13.vast a. （面积）巨大的，广阔的；大量的，巨额的
The vast plains cover hundreds of miles.
14.indifferent a. 不感兴趣的，不在乎的；不关心的；平庸的
His manner was cold and indifferent.
15.intimate a. 亲密的，亲昵的；谙熟的；秘密的
He is intimate with the president.
1.absorb vt. 吸收；使全神贯注；并吞
I was absorbed in a book and didn’t hear your call.
2.plunge vi. & vt. （使）向前倒下
These policies could plunge Europe into a new war.
3.trap n. & vt. 动物夹，陷阱；圈套；U形弯管；困住，使陷入绝境；诱骗
Twenty persons were trapped underground after the fire.
4.specialize vi. 专门研究，专攻
It is a company that specializes in home computer.
5.purpose n. 意向，目的；作用，用途；决心，意志
Don’t waste your money; put it to some good purpose.
6.sample n. & vt. 样品，标本；试用产品；从```取样检查，体验
The nurse took a sample of my blood.
7.intelligence n. 智力，聪明；情报，情报机构（人员）
Use your intelligence!
8.transport vt. & n. 运输；交通（系统），运输工具；运输，运送
The transport of goods by air is very expensive.
9.sphere n. 球状体；（兴趣或活动的）范围，领域，界
The earth is not a perfect sphere.
10.medium n. & a. 传播媒介；介质，生活环境；中等的
Sound travels through the medium of air.
11.curiosity n. 好奇心，求知欲；奇事
There was intense curiosity about what had happened.
12.dim a. & vi. 暗淡的，昏暗的；隐约的；（视力）看不清楚的
He saw the dim shape of a large building in the mist.
13.partial a. 部分的；偏袒的；过分喜爱```的
He gained partial recovery from his wound.
14.consequently ad. 所以，因此
The witness is unbiased; consequently, he is reliable.
15.elaborate a. & vi. 详尽的，精心制作的， vi.详尽说明
The curtains had an elaborate pattern of flowers.
1.resuce vt. 减少，缩小，降低 (~to)，把```简化为，使```陷入
His extraordinary reply reduced me to silence.
2.accomplish vt. 完成（任务等）；做成功
I don’t feel our visit really accomplished anything.
3.accuse vt. 指责，控告，谴责
He was accused of murder.
4.summarize vt. & vi. 总结，概述
She summarized the aims of the new party in a couple of sentences.
5.assemble vi. & vt. 集合，聚集，收集；装配，组合
We assembled in the main hall to listen to the lecture.
6.strike n. & vt. & vi. 打，击；袭击；罢工；给以```感受；罢课；袭击
Workers struck for better working conditions.
7.survive vt. & vi. 比```活得长，经历```之后不存在；幸存，残存
Few building survived the fire.
8.refer vt. (~to) 提到，说起；参考，查阅；有关；提交```作决定
Let me just refer to my notes to find the exact figures.
9.accumulate vi. 积累，积聚
He gradually accumulated an impressive collection of paintings.
10.property n. 财产，所有物；房产；地皮；特性
Oil has the property of floating on water.
11.ideal a. & n. 理想的，完美的；很合适的；空想的；理想；典范
This picture book is ideal for young children.
12.previous a. 在先的，以前的
Have you had any previous experience of this kind of work?
13.constant a. 恒久不变的；连续发生的
He drove at a constant.
14.continuous a. 持续的，不间断的
The brain needs a continuous supply of blood.
15.effective a. 产生预期效果的，有效的；效果好的；事实上的；生效的
She needs an effective treatment for hair loss.
1.consult v. 查阅；咨询；请教
Have you consulted a doctor about your disease?
2.vary v. 相异；变化，改变
The weather varied from very cold to quite mild.
3.reflect v. 反射；表达，反映
Does this letter reflect how you really think?
4.withdraw v. 提取；收回；撤退，撤出；退出
She withdrew $50 from her bank account.
5.operate v. （使）运转，操作；经营，做生意；开刀，动手术
Do you know how to operate the heating system?
6.comfort n. & v. 舒适；安慰，慰藉；安慰
My husband was a great comfort to me when our son was ill.
7.reduction n. 减少，减低；缩版，缩图
There is a slight reduction in the price of food.
8.process n. & v. 过程，进程；程序，步骤；工序；加工，处理
The company is still the process of moving to a new factory.
9.stock n. & v. 储备品，备用物；存货，现货，公债，证券；储备；供应
How long will coal stocks last ?
10.exposure n. 暴露，显露；揭发，揭露
After only a short exposure to sunlight he began to turn red.
11.strength n. 力，力气；实力，强度；优势
She succeeded by strength of will alone.
12.attitude n. 态度；感觉，想法
What is the company’s attitude to/towards this idea?
13.bare a. 赤裸的，光秃的；空的；露出，使赤裸
You’ll cut yourself if you walk around here in bare feet.
14.considerate a. 体贴的，替他人着想的，考虑周全的
He is always very considerate towards to old people?
15.sensible a. 明智的，合理的，切合实际的
She’s very sensible about money.